Biomedical waste is a waste generated from medical activities. Biomedical Waste Management and Handling Policy, 2016, is the guiding statute for biomedical waste management in India. The management of bio-medical wastes is a complex process, requiring training, expertise and an appropriate machinery. Biomedical wastes are classified into three major categories: General Waste (G), Infectious Waste (I) and Hazardous Waste (H). Reuse is one of the important aspects of biomedical waste management.
Biomedical waste is a waste generated from medical activities. Biomedical waste can be classified into infectious and non-infectious types. Infectious biomedical waste includes body fluids, excreta and secretions such as blood, urine and semen, tissues and organs which have undergone surgery or autopsy etc. Non-infectious biomedical waste includes items used in laboratory experiments such as glassware, paper towels etc., used needles/syringes (non-returnable), dressing materials like bandages which have come into contact with blood or other bodily fluids during wound care procedures; dressings made from treated cotton wool pads soaked in disinfectant solution (used for cleaning wounds).
Biomedical wastes are highly hazardous due to their ability to transmit infectious agents through direct contact with contaminated materials or via airborne transmission when dried out sheets of infected blood clot fall on another surface such as bed sheets placed near an infected patient's bedside table containing medication bottles etc., causing them to instantly burst open releasing their contents onto nearby surfaces making them potentially dangerous too!
Biomedical waste management and handling policy, 2016, is the guiding statute for biomedical waste management in India. It was developed by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and updated in 2016.
This policy applies to all healthcare facilities such as hospitals, nursing homes and clinics that generate bio-medical waste.
The management of bio-medical wastes is a complex process, requiring training, expertise and an appropriate machinery. The bio-medical waste management system in India is governed by the Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016. The Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) rules do not apply to bio-medical waste because it is not meant for disposal but requires special treatment before being disposed off.
The main objective of these regulations is to ensure that all hospitals generate less than 10 kg per bed per day on average; if you are generating more than this quantity then it becomes your responsibility to treat them properly before they reach landfills or incinerators
Biomedical wastes are classified into three major categories: General Waste (G), Infectious Waste (I) and Hazardous Waste (H).
General waste is non-infectious and non-hazardous. It includes used bandages, gloves and syringes. Infectious waste is infectious and also hazardous. It includes cultures from laboratories etc. Hazardous waste is infectious as well as dangerous to human health or environment if it enters the sewerage system or landfill sites without proper treatment before disposal
Reuse of biomedical waste is one of the important aspects of biomedical waste management. Reuse can be done in various ways like incineration, recycling, landfilling and many more. However, recycling is the most economical and eco-friendly way to reuse biomedical waste.
According to WHO (World Health Organization), reuse saves money as well as reduces environmental pollution and thus it becomes very important aspect while managing bio medical wastes
There are several ways to reuse bio-medical waste.
There are several ways to reuse bio-medical wastes. The most common method is the incineration of waste. This process involves burning the waste in an incinerator to produce heat and electricity, which can be used for various purposes like heating water or generating electricity for use in hospitals or other health care facilities. Another way to reuse biomedical waste is by composting it into soil fertilizers. Composting involves decomposition of organic matter into humus (a rich brown soil), which contains nutrients that help plants grow better than using chemical fertilizers