If you're stopped by the police, they can search your bag without your permission. On the other hand, if you're arrested for a crime and in court later, it's up to a judge to decide whether or not your bag was searched legally. In this article, we'll examine some of the situations where police can search your bag and what happens if there's something illegal inside.
You can be searched when you're stopped by the police. Police can search your bag if they have reasonable grounds to believe that you have drugs, weapons or stolen property in it. If a policeman sees something suspicious on your person and wants to conduct a search of your bag, he/she must first ask for permission before doing so. If there is no sign of suspicion (for example: no drugs), then he/she will not be able to search without your permission unless there is some other reason why he/she would need access - like if there are other people around who might steal what's inside or if it's getting dark when everyone needs their lights!
There are some situations where police can search your bag without permission.
If you are arrested, the police can search your bag without your permission.
A search of your bag is considered to be a "search incident to arrest," which means it's allowed under the Fourth Amendment. This doesn't mean that every time someone gets arrested, their belongings will automatically be searched by police--the Fourth Amendment still applies when there's probable cause for such an action. However, if they have probable cause and have reason to believe that evidence might be found in your bag (or on your person), then they may take it from you and look through it themselves or send it off for analysis at a lab.
Even if there isn't enough evidence yet for probable cause but an officer believes there might be some later down the line (for example: "I know this guy has drugs somewhere around here!"), then he could still take possession of any property he finds in order not to lose track of them before obtaining warrants later down the line when more information comes out about what happened during those events leading up until now."
The police can also search items in your car if they have probable cause to believe it contains evidence of a crime. For example, if you are driving and the police see an open container of alcohol (or drugs), this would be enough for them to suspect that there is more alcohol in your vehicle and search it. If you are arrested on suspicion of drunk driving or any other offense, the police have the right to search your vehicle without asking your permission first.
If you are arrested, the police can search your bag without your permission or a warrant. If they find anything illegal in there and it's not on their list of exceptions, they might arrest you for that too. If they arrest someone who has been stopped for one crime but found to be carrying drugs or weapons as well, then that person could face additional charges based on those items being present in their possession at the time of arrest.
If someone has been arrested but hasn't been charged yet with any crimes--for example if their bag was searched by police but nothing illegal was found inside--then officers will usually return property back to its owner after taking photographs documenting what exactly was taken away during the initial stop and search procedure (known as an inventory search).
The police have a lot of power when it comes to searches, but there are some situations where you can protect yourself. If you're stopped by the police and have something illegal in your bag, you may be arrested. However, if the police don't have probable cause for searching your car or home then they can't do so without permission from a judge.